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Aims: Nowadays increasing costs of animal protein has necessitated the need to investigate uses of cheaper and nutritive alternatives various food formulations. To increase nutritional value and sensory qualities of sausage from soybean and finger millet flours and beef meat and to reduce the formulation costs of the product.
Study Design: The experiment was set in single factor experiments. Blending ratio (soy-millet flour and beef meat ratios of 10:90, 20:80, 30:70 and 0:100%) with four levels and triplicate. blend proportion of soybean and finger millet flours is similar.
Place and Duration of Study: Sample preparation, product processing and quality analysis was carried out in Bahir Dar institute of technology, Department of Food Engineering, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia between April 2017 and June 2018.
Methodology: Four batches of beef sausages were investigated in which finger millet and soy flours were substituted with beef meat. Proximate composition with selected mineral contents, sensory characteristics, physical properties and production cost of sausages were determined. Percentage proximate composition were determined by using the standard methods of Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). Calcium and zinc were analyzed by EDTA titration and Modified AOAC respectively and physical property of sausage were also analyzed.
Results: As soy and finger millet flours inclusion increase, the nutritional value of sausage increased such as moisture, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, crude ash and the cooking yield from 56.91(control) to 77.24% (30% inclusion) by reducing weight loss. The sausage products were generally accepted and 20% soy and millet flour inclusion was “liked very much. Soy and finger millet flour inclusion reduced production cost from 177 (control) to 142 ETB (30% inclusion) per mix (1150 g).
Conclusion: Soybean and finger millet flours were used in beef sausage products to improve nutritional value, consumer acceptability and reduce the formulation cost. These results suggest that beef meat can be used successfully for the production of beef meat sausage as an alternative uses of different flours.
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