Standards for the Research and Registration of Drinking Mineral and Mountain Spring Waters in Bulgaria

Main Article Content

Ignat Ignatov

Abstract

In Bulgaria is observed a great variety of spring waters. They are mineral and mountain spring waters. According to their temperature they can be cold (up to 37 °С), warm (from 37°C to 60 °C) and hot (over 60 °C). This is temperature standard in Bulgaria, European Union.

The mountain spring waters are cold with temperature up to 25 °С.

In Bulgaria for drinking mineral and mountain spring waters are valid Ordinance No 9 / 2001, Official State Gazette, issue 30, and decree No. 178 / 23.07.2004. There are include:

  1. Physicochemical parameters;
  2. Microbiological data;
  3. Radiological study.

The aim of the publication is to show the results regarding Ordinance No. 9 / 2001, Official State Gazette, issue 30, and decree No 178 / 23.07.2004 with research of Nedyalka Valcheva, Trakia University, Stara Zagora. There are also including author research.

By their chemical composition they fall into three categories – low mineralized (up to 2 g/L), moderately mineralized (2 to 15 g/L) and highly mineralized (15 - 30 g/L). According to their chemical composition the mineral waters are divided into sulphate, sulfide, hydrogen carbonate, chloride and carbonic containing waters.

Keywords:
Mineral waters, mountain spring waters, physicochemical parameters, microbiological data, radiological parameters.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ignatov, I. (2021). Standards for the Research and Registration of Drinking Mineral and Mountain Spring Waters in Bulgaria. Asian Journal of Chemical Sciences, 9(1), 12-18. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajocs/2021/v9i119061
Section
Review Article

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