Congo Red Removal from Polluted Water using NaOH Treated Fallen Leaves of Ficus racemosa

G. Indramahalakshmi *

Department of Chemistry, Cardamom Planters’ Association College, Bodinayakanur-625513, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Naoh treated biosorbent  Ficus Racemosa Leaf Powder (NaFRLP) was prepared from the fallen leaves of the plant. FT-IR, SEM and BET analysis were done to characterize the biosorbent. The biosorbent was found to be mesoporous with an average pore size 18 nm. Batch adsorption equilibrium studies were conducted for the adsorption of congo red on NaFRLP as a function of adsorbent dosage, agitation speed, dye concentration, temperature and contact time. Batch adsorption studies revealed that with an increase in the time of adsorption, the percentage removal of congo red increases and with an increase in the concentration of dye solution, congo red removal decreases. Initial dye concentration of 100 mgL-1, agitation speed 200 rpm and adsorbent dosage 1gL-1 were the optimum conditions for the effective removal of congo red. The adsorption data well agreed with the Langmuir isotherm as indicated by the higher correlation coefficient (R2=0.962) value. Thermodynamic analysis of the batch adsorption studies indicated that all the processes studied were spontaneous with the congo red adsorption on NaFRLP being endothermic.  Intra particle diffusion model was also tested. NaFRLP was found to be an effective adsorbent for the removal of congo red from the polluted water.

Keywords: Congo red, Ficus racemosa, thermodynamic, isotherm, SEM, BET, thermodynamic analysis, diffusion model, cancer

How to Cite

Indramahalakshmi, G. (2024). Congo Red Removal from Polluted Water using NaOH Treated Fallen Leaves of Ficus racemosa. Asian Journal of Chemical Sciences, 14(2), 29–42.


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